1. Immanuel Kant revised Bentham’s ideas by arguing for the importance of differencesin the type, kind, or quality of pleasures and pains that follow from actions.A. TrueB. False2. The most basic concept of Kant’s ethics is truth.A. TrueB. False3. Kant calls his basic moral rule the categorical imperative.A. TrueB. False4. The ultimate drawback to a teleological approach to ethics is that it allows for theidea that “the ends justify the means.”A. TrueB. False5. In a religious approach to ethics, faith and the authority of sacred texts have the fi nalword.A. TrueB. False6. If an action is legal, it is also morally right.A. TrueB. False7. Jeremy Bentham writes, “Nature has placed mankind under the governance of twosovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we oughtto do.”A. TrueB. FalseUnit 2 Examination85Introduction to Philosophy8. As Bentham and Mill are classic representatives of act-oriented ethics, so ImmanuelKant created the model for results-oriented ethics.A. TrueB. False9. Kant argues that a morally good action must have intrinsic worth.A. TrueB. False10. Plato thinks that we are made up of three parts, physical, ________, and intellectual.A. SpiritedB. EmotionalC. TruthfulD. Consciousnesses11. Consider the case of a woman who is robbed and beaten. The robber escapes punishment.Socrates would say__________ has been most hurt by this crime.A. The womanB. The robber12. Socrates illustrates his ideas about the ethical life and the unethical life with the imageof two wine jars.A. TrueB. False13. In the Platonic dialogue entitled the Gorgias, the character Callicles argues that bestlife is one of the uncontrolled and totally self-interested pursuit of pleasure.A. TrueB. False14. Plato believes that in the unhealthy soul there is an inappropriate balance among thethree parts.A. TrueB. FalseUnit 2 Examination86Introduction to Philosophy15. Socrates thinks that wrongdoing “is in every way harmful and shameful to the wrongdoer.”A. TrueB. False16. Socrates thinks that unethical actions have no effect on our ability to act virtuously.A. TrueB. False17. When Socrates says that, “the unexamined life is not worth living,” he is recommendingone way to avoid the harm that can come from acting unethically.A. TrueB. False18. Socrates probably sees the non-cognitive effects of vice as involving loss of the mind’sability to argue forcefully for the value of the ethical life.A. TrueB. False19. The notion of a social contract argues that the citizens of a society freely enter into anagreement to abide by that society’s laws and therefore are obligated to do so.A. TrueB. False20. The fi rst working democracy in the world was in the ancient Greek city of___________.A. AthensB. SantoriniC. RhodesD. Ios21. John Locke’s idea of formal consent, claims that an informal and unspoken agreementis suffi cient to constitute being bound by the terms of a particular social contract.A. TrueB. FalseUnit 2 Examination87Introduction to Philosophy22. Strictly speaking, the type of government that Plato recommends is an democracy.A. TrueB. False23. Plato thinks that the only kind of government worse than democracy is tyranny.A. TrueB. False24. Skinner’s society, Walden Two, is primarily an agricultural community.A. TrueB. False25. The kind of government that Plato recommends in his ideal society is a religious government.A. TrueB. False
1. Immanuel Kant revised Bentham’s ideas by arguing for th
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